Does God exist? What is the most reasonable way to approach this question. There is no evidence based on empirical science to claim his existence. Our sensory knowledge provides no basis of support for his existence either. Is it then rational to conclude God does not exist?
Yes, many would argue. If these are sufficient grounds to conclude he does not exist, it follows the same conclusion is true for whether reason exists. Reason is not perceived by the five senses. Reason cannot be tested in a lab and there is no evidence of its existence that empirical science can provide. Is it then logical to conclude reason does not exist? If you claim to believe that, then you have no grounds to make any claim about anything.
Reason is the primary “instrument” we use to validate and understand empirical science. If this is true, it is not logical to base belief or disbelief in God because empirical science and sensory perception provide nothing to help us in drawing a conclusion either way.
Reason is the instrument by which we use to judge our beliefs and claims about the world. Ideally, it shapes a rational worldview, but it is one of several forms of knowledge that does so. Like any other way of knowing or obtaining knowledge, reason has limitations. Reason cannot explain the mystery of falling in love or free an addict from the slavery of addiction. But it is useful in guiding us to draw logical conclusions about life’s difficult questions.
So, is it Logical to Believe in God?
Logic is applied to claims in order to determine their validity or probability of truth. Empirical science does not have a monopoly on reason or logic. It is most logical that if science cannot provide an answer or any help at all for such a question that has been obsessed over across cultures and from ancient times to the present, then we must turn to other methods of obtaining knowledge to reach a logical conclusion. Answering the question “Is it logical to believe in God” is a matter of reasonable probability of truth.